Close financial year (Annual report)

Modified on Mon, 13 May 2024 at 11:23 AM

Disclaimer

All screenshots in the article were taken in the Dutch version of Yuki.


Only a user with the 'Portal back office controller' role, 'Back office controller' of the domain or the 'External accountant' role can close a financial year.


Before you can prepare the Annual report you have to go through a number of steps in Yuki:

  1. Check completeness of administration(s)
  2. Monthly check
  3. Check completeness of VAT returns and payroll tax assessments
  4. Block administration as of closing date
  5. Format of trial balance
  6. Check trial balance 
  7. Fixed assets
  8. GL account and editing features (invoice actions)
  9. Check balance sheet items as of closing date
  10. Year-end closure of VAT
  11. Private GL accounts
  12. Profit appropriation
  13. Reconciliate commercial figures with fiscal figures 
  14. Check markings
  15. Close administration as of closing date
  16. Export to reporting software.

1. Check completeness of administration(s)

The completeness of the administration in Yuki must be checked.


With the help of the Workflow tile or the Workflow indicator a list is opened of the domains that contain documents, bank transactions and questions that still have to handled.


Open the domain of which you want to check if the data of the administration(s) is complete by clicking on > in front of the domain name.


The following screen is opened:



The customer should be informed about the above indictors that need attention and must be requested to complete the administration by:

  • submitting the missing bank transactions, purchase invoices and sales invoices
  • giving an explanation of the 'Vraagposten'
  • actions related to unprocessed documents.

2. Monthly check

Each month the administration must be checked for the following: 

  • Inconsistencies
  • Bank
  • Completeness of bank
  • Suspense accounts
  • Completeness of purchase
  • Completeness of sales
  • Completeness of unclear transactions
  • Debtors
  • Creditors
  • Tax authorities
  • Salaries to be paid
  • Payroll tax
  • CA employees
  • CA companies
  • Duplicate invoices
  • Contacts check
  • Deleted transactions.


The check will be performed from the Checklist of the portal back office.



3. Check completeness of VAT returns and payroll tax assessments

The presence of all VAT returns and payroll tax assessments in the administration must be checked. All VAT returns must have the 'Historical' or 'Closed' status. The VAT supplement may have the 'Draft' status, however before the closure of the financial year the VAT supplement has to be processed 'historically' or send to the tax authorities. 


Hover your mouse over the Financials icon in the navigation bar and then click on VAT return or on Payroll tax assessments in order to check the VAT returns and the payroll tax assessments.



4. Block administration as of closing date

Hover your mouse over the Financials icon in the navigation bar and then click on Trial balance.



Select the relevant financial year in the calendar.

In the grey bar Control status is shownBesides this status a padlock is shown that is Open. By clicking on the padlock it will close and then Blocked will be shown.



The administration is now blocked for changes made by all users without the 'Portal back office', 'Back office controller' role in the domain or the 'External accountant' role.


As soon as the closure of the financial year is finalised the financial year can be closed in Yuki so no user is able to make changes in the closed financial year anymore.


5. Format of trial balance

The trial balance is composed as follows::

  • Opening balance : opening D and opening C
  • Transactions: debit and credit
  • Closing balance: balance D and balance C.


A general ledger account is shown per line. Behind each line are four icons that allow you to keep track of the status of the general ledger account.


In the drop-down menu you can choose between a commercial view and a fiscal view. In addition you can also show or hide GL accounts with a Nil balance by clicking on the Also show GL accounts with amount of €0,00 button.



6. Check trial balance

You can now start with the correction and the completion of the trial balance.


By clicking on a GL account it will be opened. In the GL account you can click through to the entries of the purchase and sales invoices, bank transactions and general journal entries. You can check the entries and correct them if required.


Assess outstanding items

The outstanding items on 'Creditors' and 'Debtors' GL accounts must be assessed. This means among other things that the outstanding foreign currency invoices also need to be revalued.


TIP!

All foreign currency bank accounts also have to be revalued.



Click on the Outstanding transactions button. The following screen is opened:



Track status of general ledger accounts

Per line you can track the status of the GL account by taking notes, linking documents from the archive and marking the GL account as agreed with.



You can use the following four icons:

  • Cloud: take notes (in a separate screen) on the card of the GL account.
  • Document: link documents/attachments from the archive to the ledger card. Think of documents relating to a loan or the statement of assets.
  • Square: approve or mark a ledger card as checked.
  • Clock: view the history.


For a detailed description, see article 'Trial balance check' feature.


After you have marked the GL account as agreed with a green checkmark will be shown in the square. When a red cross appears at the end of a GL account line then corrections have been made after a GL account was marked as agreed with. 



TIP!

By moving the mouse above the square the status check of marking as 'agreed with' is shown.



The general ledger accounts VAT (18...) and private (05...) are not completed until the following conditions are met::

  • All other items in the trial balance are marked as done.
  • The status of the VAT supplement is set to 'Historical' or has been sent to the tax authorities.

7. Fixed assets

This fixed asset statement is not suitable for tax applications such as reinvestment reserve and random depreciation. In addition, the presentation possibilities are limited. You can find the statement of assets by:

  • hovering your mouse over the Financials icon in the navigation bar and then click on Assets
  • clicking on > in front of the relevant investment account, from the trial balance.

8. GL account and editing features (invoice actions

From the GL account you can change or post-edit it. Hereby you can use for example the following options:

  • Record accruals
  • Spread over periods
  • Change GL account
  • Change VAT rate.


You can use these options by clicking on the pencil icon at the end of each line on the GL account card.



In an opened purchase or sales invoice you can also perform an action on an invoice by clicking on the Invoice actions button.



9. Specification of balance sheet items as of balance sheet date

The Financials functionality consists of, among other things, the following parts:

  • Assets and liabilities
  • Customers (Debtors)
  • Suppliers (Creditors)
  • CA employees.


Assets and liabilities

In the Assets and liabilities part it is possible to retrieve a specification as of closing date of each GL account for example:

  • 13200 To be invoiced
  • 13300 Deferred charges
  • 16100 Invoices to be received
  • 16150 Deferred income.


At the top of your screen you can enter the balance sheet date. It is then possible to change the On-screen version to a version that can be printed as a PDF document namely Printable version or Printable version (extended).



Debtors, Creditors and CA employees

After opening the Debtors, Creditors and CA employees it is possible to retrieve the specifications of the balance sheet balances as of the balance sheet date. The balances are represented here by supplier/invoice. The balances of the specifications reconcile with the balances of the trial balance.

At the top of your screen you can enter the balance date. It is then possible to change the On-screen version to a version that can be printed as a PDF document namely Printable version or Printable version (extended).



10. Year-end closure of VAT

You have to go through a number of steps:

  • Close all VAT returns (set the status to 'Historical' or send to the tax authorities)
  • Block the administration
  • Set the general ledger accounts VAT to zero
  • Close, if required. the administration.


Close all VAT returns

All items in the trial balance except the VAT (18...) ledger accounts are marked as done.


Now you can check the VAT supplement and set the status to Closed (Historical) or send it to the tax authorities:

  • Open the VAT supplement
  • Click on the Small trader scheme button (only available in personal company form).
    The KOR will now be calculated and if applicable automatically processed in the trial balance.
  • Now click on the Historical or Send button.


    The VAT supplement is now closed.


The bank transaction of the payment or the direct debit has to be matched with the VAT supplement.


Set the general ledger accounts VAT to zero

Now the balances of the VAT (18...) ledger accounts have to be recorded on '18990 VAT returns transfer account' ledger account. This cannot be done via a (regular) general journal entry because then a new VAT supplement will be created.


For each VAT ledger account you have to go through the following steps: 

  • Go to the Trial balance
  • Open '18000 VAT on supplies/services taxed at high rate' ledger account
  • Click on the [0] Record balance to 0 button (this feature is only available when the financial year is blocked).


Now the balance as of the balance sheet date will be recorded in a so-called 'year-end correction' on '18990 VAT returns transfer account' ledger account. A synonym for year-end correction is 'period 13'. This entry will not appear in the trial balance of the current financial year. This entry will be recorded directly on the opening balance of the new financial year.


Now check if all VAT (18...) ledger accounts in the trial balance of the new financial year are reconciled. 


The balance of '18990 VAT returns transfer account' ledger account as of the balance sheet date should match with the outstanding VAT returns as of balance sheet date..


11. Private GL accounts

The private (05...) ledger accounts must now be recorded on the '05000 Capital' ledger account.

For each private ledger account you have to click on the [0] Record balance to 0 button (this feature is only available when the financial year is blocked).



12. Profit appropriation

After a financial year is blocked Yuki will automatically record the result on the '09000 Undistributed results of previous financial years' balance sheet account. You can then record the profit appropriation via a special general journal entry namely the end-of-year correction. Via a year-end correction you can for example write-off the undistributed results to the general reserve or the capital.


Hover your mouse, if necessary, over the Back office or Financials icon in the navigation bar and then click on General journals. The following screen is opened:



Click on the End-of-year correction button in order to record the year-end correction.


TIP!

Depending on the reporting software that is used the profit appropriation can also be recorded via a regular general journal entry in the previous year.


13. Reconciliate commercial figures with fiscal figures

A fiscal correction allows you to make the reconciliation from a commercial to a fiscal balance sheet and a fiscal profit and loss account:

  • Hover your mouse over the Financials icon in the navigation bar and then click on General journals.
  • Click on the Fiscal correction button.


    Then record the entry of the fiscal correction.


In the trial balance the commercial or a fiscal view can now be chosen. The 'Assets and liabilities' and 'Revenue and costs' overviews will change automatically depending on the selected view.


14. Check markings

Now check if all the GL accounts in the trial balance are marked as agreed with (green checkmark).

When a red cross is shown at the end of a GL account line then corrections are made after a GL account has been marked as done:

  • Hover the mouse over the square whereby the control status of the marking as done appears
  • Check the marking
  • Delete the marking
  • After approval you can mark again.

15. Close administration as of balance sheet date 

After the closing of the financial year is completed the financial year can be closed in the administration so no user can make changes anymore.


Hover your mouse over the Financials icon in the navigation bar and then click on Trial balance.



Select the relevant financial year in the calendar. On the grey bar Control status is shown. Next to that is a Padlock that shows Blocked. By clicking on the Padlock the Closed notification will now be displayed.



The administration is now also blocked for corrections of all users with the 'Portal back office controller' or 'Back office controller' role in the domain or the 'External accountant' role. 


16. Export to reporting software

Hover your mouse over the Financials icon in the navigation bar and then click on Export in order to export the trial balance to your reporting software.



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